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Financial Regulatory

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In brief The Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) recently published regulations pertaining to payment cards tokenization on electronic device applications (“Tokenization Regulations”) which came into force on 8 March 2023. The Tokenization Regulations will effectively allow for contactless payments through mobile applications including some operated by major mobile payment service providers. The said regulations impose regulatory and licensing requirements on banks and non-bank parties participating in the provision of tokenization services for payment cards. Key…

On 27 September 2022 the Capital Market Authority (“CMA”) of Saudi Arabia announced a series of amendments to its implementing regulations designed to (i) facilitate the direct listing of debt instruments (including convertibles) offered by way of private placement; and (ii) introduce a framework for equity fundraising through crowdfunding platforms. The amended Rules on the Offer of Securities and Continuing Obligations (“OSCOs”) now also provide for the public offer of exchangeable debt instruments. These initiatives…

In Brief One of the prominent forms of collateral for creditors nowadays is obtaining a transfer of a client’s accounts receivables. This form of collateral is often referred to as an ‘assignment of receivables’ (“Assignment”), under which the creditor (the “Assignee”) becomes permitted to collect from any pre-existing or future debtors that the client (the “Assignor”) has receivables. The Assignment, although never codified in law (unlike the Novation codified under Articles 1106 et seq. of…

In brief In addition to the comprehensive economic support and stimulus program launched by the UAE Central Bank to curb the financial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the UAE has introduced radical amendments to the UAE Bankruptcy Law, offering distressed debtors with some level of leniency during these times of economic uncertainty and market disruption caused by circumstances outside of their control. Key changes include: adding new provisions to the law related to “emergencies” such…

In brief Following a public consultation period which commenced in December 2019, on 25 August 2020, the Capital Markets Authority (CMA) of Saudi Arabia announced that it had issued amendments to the Securities Business Regulations (SBRs) and the Authorised Persons Regulations (APRs). The ‘new APRs’ are now known as the ‘Capital Market Institutions Regulations’ (CMIRs), following the terminology change from ‘Authorised Persons’ (APs) to ‘Capital Market Institutions’ (CMIs). These amendments represent the first comprehensive revision…