Against the backdrop of continued business and societal disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, M&A activity in the Middle East still showcased some stability in the first quarter of 2020, increasing in value by over USD 5 billion and in volume by 6 additional deals in comparison to Q4 2019, according to the latest report by global law firm Baker McKenzie*.     

“It is evident that the current global situation has caused a slow down in the growth of M&A activity in the Middle East, but Q1 2020 seems to have benefited from last year’s momentum” said Omar Momany, Partner and Head of the Corporate and Commercial Practice Group at Baker McKenzie Habib Al Mulla.

“Given the current economic environment and the level of uncertainty that exists due to COVID-19, we can potentially expect two possible scenarios moving forward. The first is a further slow down in the M&A volumes and values in the next two and possible three quarters reflecting on the global uncertainty, investors’ anxiety and shift of priorities. The second scenario is that growth continues but at a much slower pace and value, similar to that of Q1 of the current year, driven by companies being interested to join forces in an attempt to mitigate losses and consolidate and driven by availability of quality assets and targets available at lower valuation. This is certainly an unprecedented time and one can only speculate as to what the short-term future will hold in relation to M&As in the region.” Momany added.

Middle East M&A activity

Total Middle East M&A deal activity jumped to USD 9.3 billion out of 95 deals in Q1 2020, up from nearly USD 4 billion out of 89 deals in Q4 2019. The top five largest deals were valued at 7.4 billion, accounting for almost 80% of total deal values. Furthermore, industries that secured the most value for its deals were Industrials with USD 1 billion followed by High Technology with USD 190 million.

Cross-border deal activity in the region increased slightly in Q1 2020, with 63 deals valued at USD 4.8 billion, up from 58 deals amounting to USD 3.6 billion in the previous quarter.

Domestic deal activity also increased in comparison to the previous quarter. While deal volumes remained relatively flat, there was a substantial increase in deal values as the region secured USD 4.44 billion in Q1 2020, up from USD 378 million in Q4 2019. This was largely driven by Port & Free Zone World’s USD 2.71 billion acquisition of DP World and Qatar Petroleum’s USD 1 billion acquisition of Qatar Fertilizer.

Inbound Cross-regional Middle East M&A

While the volume of deals into the Middle East remained the same in Q1 2020, the total inbound deal values increased to USD 1.19 billion, up from USD 101 million in Q4 2019.

India was the top acquirer country for inbound investment into the Middle East in Q1 2020 in terms of volume with 7 deals valued at USD 130 million. The US was the top acquirer country in terms value with USD 1.06 billion and ranked second in terms of volume with 4 deals. The UAE remained the most attractive foreign investment destination both by volume and value with 16 deals amounting to USD 1.1 billion.

High Technology was the top target industry by volume with seven deals valued at USD 190 million while Industrials was the top target industry by value led by Altavair’s USD 1 billion acquisition of Etihad Airway’s commercial aircraft portfolio.

Outbound Cross-regional Middle East M&A

Outbound M&A activity from the Middle East into other regions increased by volume and value, from 30 deals valued at USD 3.47 billion in Q4 2019 to 36 deals valued at USD 3.6 billion in Q1 2020.

The UAE was the most acquisitive country by volume in Q1 2020, with 11 outbound deals amounting to USD 352 million. Saudi Arabia was the top acquirer country by value with USD 2.6 billion and ranked second by volume with 9 deals.

The US was the top target country for outbound deals in terms of volume benefiting from 12 deals valued at USD 820 million followed by Egypt (6 deals) and the United Kingdom (3 deals). Egypt however, was the most popular target country by value as its deals accounted for USD 2.4 billion or 66% of all outbound activity from the region.

The Telecommunications industry led by value featuring Saudi Telecom’s USD 2.39 billion acquisition of Vodafone Egypt. The Real Estate industry led by volume with 7 deals and ranked second by value securing USD 547 million.

Momany concluded, “Amid uncertain times, similar to the one we are currently facing due to the outbreak of COVID-19, some businesses will likely emerge and outperform in the medium and long-run. Dealmakers will view this as a good time to make deals at lower valuations.”

*Methodology – Cross-border M&A

The information in this press release is based on Refinitiv data for global announced M&A transactions with standard exclusions. We define cross-border deal-making as any M&A activity involving a bidder and target based in separate countries, cross-regional (or interregional) deal-making as any M&A activity involving a bidder and target based in separate regions, and domestic deal-making as many M&A activity involving a bidder and target based in the same country.

For the purpose of this report, the Middle East was defined as: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. M&A activity refers to all deals announced as at 07 April 2020.

You can download the full report here and the Arabic version here.


Omar Momany is a partner in Baker McKenzie's Dubai office and Head of the UAE Corporate & Commercial practice. Omar focuses on public and private mergers and acquisitions, corporate restructurings, corporate governance, joint ventures, commercial matters and corporate/shareholders' disputes in the UAE and throughout the region. Omar has over 17 years' experience in the Middle East and has acted for local and regional corporates and financial institutions, governments and regulatory bodies, multinationals, family businesses and royal houses.


George Sayen has been involved in handling Saudi Arabian legal matters since 1987 and has resided full time in Riyadh since 1988. He is actively involved in advising both Saudi Arabian and foreign clients on a wide range of corporate and commercial and regulatory matters, including corporate/commercial transactions, major projects, M&A, employment, joint ventures, government contracting and competition law.


Karim Nassar is the Head of the Equity Capital Markets practice of Legal Advisors, in association with Baker & McKenzie Limited, based in Riyadh. A resident in Saudi Arabia since 1998, Karim has been advising Saudi and foreign clients on a wide range of corporate transactions, including privatizations, corporate, securities, corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions, as well as financial services regulations. He also helped to develop and finalize the regulatory framework for the Capital Market Authority in Saudi Arabia.


Mohamed Ghannam heads Baker McKenzie's Banking & Finance and Energy, Mining & Infrastructure practice groups in Cairo. He focuses on project finance, major projects, mergers and acquisitions, oil and gas, debt capital market and transactional work, acting as counsel to many of the world's leading multinational companies and financial institutions in various industries and helping them carry out high-value, precedent-setting transactions in Egypt.

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